ACCENT TRAINING & PHONETICS

British , American , Australian and then Indian accent,however, something which is understood globally is known as a "Neutral Accent"

So let's try our best to work on this !! And remember "Practice Pays"

ACCENT is important not only for Clarity of Expression but also to ensure you leave a lasting impression. Your listeners will definitely admire the way you speak. If your choice of words, Pronunciation style and accent are reflective.


Not only You can be confident while giving interviews but also , you'll end up developing your personality.
Now , we'll head on in our path to succeed for our speech enhancement Step - by - step


1) Neutral Accent - Learning sounds for mouth exercises

2) Vowel sounds and exercises

3) Pronunciation of Sounds


Can a person Learn New ACCENT

Yes , Obviously ..... we can change the accent

The following are some of the difficulties to be overcome by the ESL speakers

1) Presence of harder sounds ( t,d,p )

2) In distinctive b, v, w sounds and not fully articulated T, R , O , L , I sounds

3) Difficulty in changing pitch (because Americans raise the pitch on the beat but Indians drop their pitch on the beat )

4) Regressive Vocalization of final consonants

5) Articulation of sounds in Indian Languages is frontal and through rounded lips

6) Faster speed - 220 words per minute

7) Weak word emphasis, Intonation and pronunciation on English words and phrases. This could be due to faster rate of speech and there being no stress in Languages here in INDIA

8) Long sentences and words used

9) Different of Syllable emphasis
Listening to English is also good for pronunciation. And one of the things we often worry about is how we sound in the foreign language, whether our accent is a good one or not. So I used to listen to the podcast and I would try to imitate the person who I thought sounded good to me. I didn’t know initially if this was a good accent or a bad accent but after time I got used to it, and I would typically choose the one I could understand the most. From that, I would play small sections of the podcast back to myself and I would try to copy the accent of the speaker. Sometimes, it was difficult and I would do this very often in private because it was quite embarrassing to sit and make funny sounds. Sometimes, I even used to look in the mirror, so that I could see my mouth moving.

All of these things helped me not only improve my listening skills but helped me with my pronunciation and my confidence in listening to the foreign language. And I soon got used to the idea that even if there was a particular word I didn’t understand or an expression I’d never heard before, I could more or less understand all the important things in the story. And because it was a topic that I had chosen, it was always interesting to me.


Fluency


The main goal is fluency. Remember that you don't have to know many complex grammatical structures to achieve that goal! First of all try to speak as fluent as possible (even making some grammar mistakes). Then, after making your speaking fluent, you can focus on grammar aspects.

English vocabulary learning

Many people think that knowing a lot of words is a key to fluent speaking. It's true! However, there are many people who have wide idiolect and problem with fluency. They try to learn more and more words because they think vocabulary is their problem. They don't realize the problem is somewhere else. They always try to use exact translation of the word they want to use, but it causes that they often get stuck.

Learn English by practice

Of course the best way of practice are English conversations with other people. You can find some people who want to talk to you online through SKYPE.(Download Skype 4.2)

So the most important thing you have to remember is:

The more you practice, the more fluent your English speaking is :)

Good luck!

Wednesday, August 11, 2010

Sunday, July 25, 2010

BBC Learning English | Pronunciation Tips





The sounds of English





Learning the sounds

Short vowels

Short vowel / i /



Short vowel
/ ʊ /



Short vowel / ʌ /



Short vowel
/ɒ /



Short vowel /ə /



Short vowel /e /



Short vowel / æ /



Long Vowels


Long vowel /iː/



Long vowel
/uː/



Long vowel /ɑː /



Long vowel
/ɔː/



Long vowel /ɜː/




Diphthongs (double vowel sounds)
8 Diphthongs


Diphthong / ɪə / near, here, weary



Diphthong /ʊə / poor, jury, cure



Diphthong / / price, high, try



Diphthong /ɔɪ / choice, boy



Diphthong / əʊ / goat, show, no




Diphthong / / square. fair, various




Diphthong / / mouth, now




Diphthong / / face, day, break



24 Consonants
[Voiceless consonants]


Voiceless Consonant Sound / p / - pen, copy, happen




Voiceless Consonant Sound /t / - tea, tight, button




Voiceless Consonant Sound / tʃ / -church, match, nature




Voiceless Consonant Sound / k / -key, clock, school




Voiceless Consonant Sound /f / -fat, coffee, rough, photo




Voiceless Consonant Sound / θ / -thing, author, path




Voiceless Consonant Sound / s / -soon, cease, sister




Voiceless Consonant Sound / ʃ / -ship, sure, national




Voiced consonants



Voiced Consonant Sound / b / - back, baby, job




Voiced Consonant Sound /d / - day, ladder, odd




Voiced Consonant Sound / dʒ / -judge, age, soldier




Voiced Consonant Sound / g / - get, giggle, ghost




Voiced Consonant Sound /v / -view, heavy, move




Voiced Consonant Sound / ð / -this, other, smooth




Voiced Consonant Sound / z / -zero, music, roses, buzz




Voiced Consonant Sound / ʒ / -pleasure, vision




Other Consonant Sound


Other Consonant Sound /m / -more, hammer, sum




Other Consonant Sound /n / -nice, know, funny, sun




Other Consonant Sound /ŋ / -ring, anger, thanks, sung




Other Consonant Sound / h / -hot, whole, ahead




Other Consonant Sound / l / -light, valley, feel




Other Consonant Sound / r / -right, wrong, sorry, arrange




Other Consonant Sound / w / -wet, one, when, queen




Other Consonant Sound / j / -yet, use, beauty, few

Saturday, July 17, 2010

The Phonetic Chart




There are 44 Sounds in English

12 Pure Vowels

8 Diphthongs

24 Consonants

Tuesday, June 29, 2010

4.2.2 Alveolar

Alveolar Stops

Alveolar stops are formed by the tip and blade of the tongue forming a full closure against the teeth ridge. The sound is produced when the closure is abruptly released so that the air escapes as a puff or air. The alveolar stops occur as a pair, i.e. with a Fortis and Lenis realisation. The fortis stop /t/ is never voiced, and there is generally a devoicing of the lenis sound as well when it is not surrounded by other voiced sounds. Devoicing is therefore most common in the end position of a word. The lenis stop will generally have a marked lengthening effect on the preceding sound(s).


/ t /

as in




/ d /

as in




Thursday, June 24, 2010

Chapter 5 (page -18)

Chapter 5 (page -17) The classification and Description of speech sounds II


The classification and Description of speech sounds II : Vowels


English Phonetics , Learn English , Learn English Pronunciation ,

English phonetics and phonology

Sunday, June 20, 2010

4.2.1 Bilabial

Bilabial Stops

Bilabial stops are produced by the lower lip forming a closure with the upper lip, so that the air cannot escape. The sound occurs when the closure is abruptly released as a puff of air. The stop sounds occur in a pair, i.e. one Fortis and one Lenis realisation. The Fortis stop /p/ is never voiced, and there is generally a degree of devoicing of the Lenis sound as well when it is not surrounded by other voiced sounds. Devoicing is therefore most common in the end position of a word. The lenis stop will generally have a marked lengthening effect on the preceding sound(s).


/ p /

as in




/ b /

4.2 Stops

Stops


Stop sounds are produced with complete oral closure which is released quickly so as to end in an explosion or puff of air. If the release takes place slowly, the explosion ends in friction. This is regular for the Palatoalveolar sounds, but incidental for the Alveolar sounds. The stop sounds have regularly one voiced and one unvoiced variant, the first being strongly Fortis, the latter Lenis. Preceding sounds are therefore noticeably affected by following stops, lengthened when followed by Lenis stops, shortened when followed by Fortis stops. Learners must pay particular attention to this phenomenon.


q
P b

4.1.3 Velar

The Velar Nasal

Production of the velar nasal: The vocal cords vibrate, and the velum is lowered so that the air escapes through the nose. The back of the tongue is raised so as to form a closure on the velum.





Pronunciation of


as in



1 2 3


Tuesday, June 15, 2010

4.1.2 Alveolar

The Alveolar Nasal



Production of the alveolar nasal /n/ : The vocal cords vibrate, and the velum is lowered so that the air has to escape through the nose. The tip and front of the tongue form a complete closure against the teeth ridge throughout the production phase.


Pronunciation of


/n/
as in

1 2 3

Sunday, June 13, 2010

4.1.1 Bilabial


The Bilabial Nasal



Production of the bilabial nasal /m/ : The vocal cords vibrate, and the velum is lowered so that the air escapes through the nose. The lips form a complete closure throughout the production phase.



Pronunciation of

/m/

as in




Saturday, June 12, 2010

4.1 Nasals

Nasals

Nasal sounds are formed with complete oral closure, lasting throughout the production phase. This means that the air has to be let out through the nose. The quality of the sound, however, relates to the mouth closure, and definitions are therefore based on lip and tongue positions. In Standard British English there are three nasal phonemes. Diagramme


untitled.JPG (JPEG Image, 800x600 pixels)_1276316268172


Friday, June 11, 2010

4. Consonants

Consonants

The diagramme shows the 24 consonant phonemes of Standard British English, divided into four groups. The groups are arranged according to degree of closure of the vocal organs. The Nasals and Stops are produced with complete oral closure, the Fricatives with sufficient closure to cause audible friction, whereas Approximants, though produced with narrowing of the vocal organs, are still open enough for friction not to occur. The groups will be treated individually in the teaching units section.
It is important to note that some consonants come in pairs, others do not. If there is no pair, the consonant in question is always voiced. If there is a pair, there is one voiced and one unvoiced variant. Unvoiced consonants are pronounced with far greater force than voiced consonants, and therefore termed Fortis. The voiced form is termed Lenis. This distinction, called the Fortis/Lenis contrast, plays a far greater role than voicing. Of still greater importance is the fact that a fortis consonant tends to cut the length of the preceding sound(s), whereas a lenis consonant tends to lengthen. Language learners should take great care to observe and practice this phenomenon.

Click the group to go directly there or Next to follow the course structure.

111


3. Teaching Units

Teaching Units

The diagramme lists the six groups of sounds that will be described in this course. Two of these belong to the vowel category, i.e. monophthongs and diphthongs, four are consonants. Note that the term vowel is used here for stable sounds (monophthongs). Click the group label to go to that particular group, or use the Next button to follow the course structure.


Consonants -- Sounds produced with varying forms of hindrance or constriction in the vocal organs.
Vowels - Stable sounds that are produced with open vocal tract and which retain their quality without
noticeable change throughout their production phase.

diphthongs -- Glides; vowel-like sounds that noticeably change during their production/realisation.

Nasals --- Sounds produced with full oral closure but lowered velum so that the air is released
through the nose.

Stops --- Sounds produced with full oral closure and raised velum. The air is released through the mouth after sudden
opening of articulator (lips or tongue).

Fricatives -- Sounds produced with audible friction through narrow opening of the mouth
Approximants --- Sounds released through narrowing of the mouth without audible friction.

Thursday, June 10, 2010

2. Survey of Symbols

Survey of transcription symbols

The diagramme shows the 44 phonemes of Standard British English
The diagramme is organised in the following sequence: Long vowels (5), Short vowels (7), Diphthongs (8),
Stops (8), Fricatives (9), Nasals (3), and Approximants (4)
Click a button to hear the sound represented by the symbol
Each sound is treated individually in the Teaching Units, in the sections on Consonants,Vowels,
and Diphthongs.


Symbols_1276239768808


phonetic-alphabet2222222

Wednesday, June 9, 2010

1. Sound production

The Vocal Organs

Speech is produced by the vocal organs. Every language has a definite set of speech sounds, and every sound can be described with reference to the vocal organ that is used to produce it. In this way sounds occurring in different languages can be compared, and foreign language learners can be helped to overcome pronunciation problems that arise from differences between languages. Knowledge of how the vocal organs function to produce the various sounds of a language will make near-native sound production possible.

Speech is produced by air from the lungs being processed or modified by all speech organs above the lungs: the glottis, pharynx, nose, tongue, and lips. The individual sound is identified by the closure or narrowing of these organs. If we see the tongue as the active articulator, the place which does not move can be called the passive articulator. Labels refer to the place where the closure or narrowing occurs, which means that the name normally refers to the passive articulator.


The speech sounds often have their names from the Latin name of the vocal organ:


Nasal sounds: through nose (velum down)
Oral sounds: through mouth (velum up)Stops: full oral closure
Fricatives: partial oral closure (friction)
Approximants: narrowing (no friction)
Labial: from labium, lip(s) active
Dental: from dentes, teeth active
Alveolar: Alveoles, teeth ridge active
Palatal: Palate, hard palate active
Velar: Velum, soft palate active
Glottal: Glottis, vocal cords active

Saturday, June 5, 2010

Chapter 4 (page -16)


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 4 (page -15)


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

..........................................................................................................................


pulmonic



Chapter 4(page -14)


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 4 (page -13)


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 4 (page -12)


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 4 (page -11) The classification and Description of speech sounds 1 : Consonants


ܔܢܜܔThE ClAsSiFiCaTiOn aNd dEsCrIpTiOn oF SpEeCh sOuNdS
1 : cOnSoNaNtS(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 3 (page -10)

Friday, June 4, 2010

Chapter 3 (page -9)



ܔܢܜܔThE OrGaNs oF SpEeCh (๏̯͡๏)

Thursday, June 3, 2010

Chapter 3 (page -8)



ܔܢܜܔThE OrGaNs oF SpEeCh (๏̯͡๏)

More Info


Copy of mouth.gif

Copy of organs

Tuesday, June 1, 2010

Chapter 3 (page -7)




vocal_cords


ܔܢܜܔ tHe oRgAnS Of sPeEcH (๏̯͡๏)


Chapter 3. The organs of speech (page -6)



ܔܢܜܔ tHe oRgAnS Of sPeEcH (๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 2 (page -5)





ܔܢܜܔInTrOdUcToRy rEmArKs (๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 2. Air-stream mechanism (page -4)



ܔܢܜܔAiR-StReAm mEcHaNiSm(๏̯͡๏)

Chapter 1. Introductory Remarks (page -3)






ܔܢܜܔInTrOdUcToRy rEmArKs (๏̯͡๏)

Index 1

Always Speak Slowly [it doesn't matter whether its American English or British English]

If you have an accent when you speak English, then slowing down your rate will give you more time to get your tongue and lips into the correct place to form sounds. When you pronounce sounds correctly, your accent will naturally decrease. This means that speaking more quickly will give you less time to think about how to form sounds and will result in a heavier accent. The goal is not to speak TOO slowly, but to speak slowly enough so that you can speak clearly and be easily understood.

Every Human Being MUST watch this video

Nick Vujicic and his attitude serve as a great examples of the celebration of life over limitations.

The human spirit can handle much more than we realize.

"I LOVE LIVING LIFE. I AM HAPPY."... See More

----------------------------------------------------------------

Think you've got it bad?
Need some encouragement?
Fallen down?
Can't find the STRENGTH to get back up?

Watch this video. It will help. Then share it with others.

----------------------------------------------------------------

"If I fail, I try again, and again, and again..."
If YOU fail, are YOU going to try again?

It matters how you're going to FINISH...
Are you going to finish STRONG?

We are put in situations to build our character... not destroy us.

The tensions in our life are there to strengthen our convictions... not to run over us.

----------------------------------------------------------------

Nick is thankful for what he HAS.
He's not bitter for what he does NOT have.

I have never met a bitter person who was thankful.
I have never met a thankful person who was bitter.

In life you have a choice: Bitter or BETTER?

...........................

yes this is not the End!! Never GIVE UP


never-give-up

By THOMAS GB

I love GOA

I love GOA

All Rights Received ( THOMAS GB )

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